Gemstones were selected primarily because of their colour. Environment and faith determined the colour scheme of the Ancient Egyptians. Hedj denominates the sunlight, everything glossy and the reflections of light. All yellow and red stones are associated with earthly life, strength, and with the sun as the giver of life. Opposed to this term is kek, the darkness, the night, and the extinction of all colors. Dark blue and black stones are assigned to eternal life. Kem includes the hues of the fertile land (kemet), the various colorations of the soil down to the black mud of the Nile, which with its annual floods provides for the fertility of the land. Wadj denominates the various shades of blue and green of the water and is the ancient Egyptian word for sea. Desher stands for desert. Therefore this term stands for the different colour hues of the sand during the course of the day (pink, yellow to red colours).
In the world of the ancient Egyptians day and night, light and darkness, stand for the daily struggle for the maintenance of order over chaos by the power of the gods. The stones with their different colours draw their individual characteristics and effects from this area of tension – down to the present day.
Magic and healing powers were attributed to the individual types of stones and were used in medicine. In the ancient civilizations and in the European Middle Ages this tradition has developed further and even today characteristic features are assigned to the various types of stones as well as the respective months of year. The ancient Egyptians and the Babylonians allocated gemstones to the twelve signs of the zodiac, which served as a good luck charm to the one who was born under this sign.
Gemstones of the Zodiac Signs
Aries: Amethyst, Hematite, Carnelian, Jasper
Taurus : Agate, Carnelian, Obsidian, Rose quartz, Rhodonite
Twins: Agate, Rock crystal, Onyx, Tiger’s eye, Carnelian
Cancer: Aventurine , Carnelian, Opal , Sodalite
Leo: Rock crystal, Jasper, Tiger’s eye, Onyx,
Virgo: Jasper, Hematite, Opal, Sodalite, Tiger’s eye
Libra: Carnelian, Obsidian, Opal, Jasper, Rose quartz
Scorpio: Hematite, Rose quartz, Obsidian, Agate
Sagittarius: Amethyst, Aventurine, Jasper, Opal, Sodalite
Capricorn: Rock crystal, Jasper, Tiger’s eye, Obsidian, Agate
Aquarius: Aventurine, Rock crystal, Tiger’s eye, Opal, Onyx
Fish: Amethyst, Hematite, Carnelian, Rose quartz, Sodalite, Opal